Alberta Trade Agreements
Information and resources on Alberta’s domestic and Canada’s international trade agreements.
Opening markets within Canada and around the world allows Alberta businesses and investors to grow and increase their competitiveness, supports jobs for Albertans, and helps diversify the provincial economy.
As an exporting province, it is important for Alberta to preserve and enhance access to Canadian and foreign markets through trade agreements that establish an agreed framework of balanced and fair trade rules. Such rules ensure open and non-discriminatory treatment that protects Albertans and the province’s businesses and investors in markets outside Alberta.
Alberta will continue to work closely with other provinces, territories and the federal government to ensure trade agreements allow the province to act in the public interest with respect to labour, health, social services and the environment while getting the best deal for Albertans.
Domestic trade agreements
Within Canada, Alberta is party to two trade agreements: the New West Partnership Trade Agreement and the Agreement on Internal Trade. Through these agreements, Alberta has sought to reduce trade barriers, enhance labour mobility and open investment opportunities for Albertans and Alberta businesses.
New West Partnership Trade Agreement (NWPTA)
The NWPTA is an economic partnership between the Provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Manitoba that:
- establishes Canada’s largest interprovincial, barrier-free marketplace
- creates a framework for cooperation to bolster the economy of the West
- represents an economic powerhouse of more than 11 million people with a combined GDP of over $750 billion
Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT)
The AIT is an intergovernmental agreement among the provinces, territories (with the exception of Nunavut) and the federal government to:
- reduce or eliminate, to the extent possible, barriers to the free movement of persons, goods, services and investments within Canada
- establish an open, efficient and stable domestic market
Canadian Free Trade Agreement (CFTA)
Signed on April 6, 2017, by federal, provincial and territorial trade ministers, the CFTA will come into effect on July 1, 2017 – Canada’s 150th birthday – and replace the existing Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT) that has been in force since 1995.
The new CFTA establishes a comprehensive framework for internal trade that makes Canada’s domestic market more modern and competitive for all Canadians. It provides a clear set of trade rules and resolution processes that will make it easier for Alberta businesses to access opportunities from coast to coast to coast.
For more information, please visit: www.ait-aci.ca/agreement-internal-trade/cfta-announcement
International trade agreements
The Alberta government advocates provincial interests to the federal government, particularly in areas where provincial jurisdiction is affected or where there is a significant economic impact on the province. Examples of Canada’s international trade agreements that impact Alberta are listed below.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
- The WTO
- North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
- North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC)
- North American Agreement on Labour Cooperation (NAALC)
- Canada-U.S. Softwood Lumber Agreement – expired October 12, 2015
- The Canada-U.S. Consultative Committee on Agriculture (CCA) Terms of Reference
- Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) – Not yet in force
- Canada-European Union Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) – Not yet approved
- Canada-EU Joint Political Declaration and Action Plan
- Agreement on Mutual Recognition between the European Community and Canada
- Agreement on Mutual Recognition in Relation to Conformity Assessment between Canada and Switzerland
- Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA)
- Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement (CCFTA)
- Canada-Chile Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (CCAEC)
- Canada-Chile Agreement on Labour Cooperation (CCALC)
- Canada-Peru Free Trade Agreement
- Canada-Panama Free Trade Agreement
For general enquiries on the Government of Alberta’s role in these domestic and international trade agreements, please contact Trade Policy in Alberta Economic Development and Trade at:
For specific information and enquiries concerning the:
- registration of an Alberta business or organization in British Columbia, Saskatchewan or Manitoba, contact Corporate Registries in Service Alberta
- procurement by the Government of Alberta, contact Procurement Services in Service Alberta
- credential recognition for certified Alberta workers seeking to have their credentials recognized elsewhere in Canada, contact the Labour Mobility Unit in Labour